Many people in California go to work to support their families, but a person's pregnancy could result in discrimination at work. Specific laws that protect workers from this form of discrimination include the Americans with Disability Act, the Pregnancy Discrimination Act and the Family Medical Leave Act. Although these acts do not apply to everyone in all situations, they do form a framework that grants some rights to parents and expecting parents in regards to hiring, firing, demoting or promoting.
Californians who have disabilities are protected under the Americans with Disabilities Act from workplace discrimination that is based on their conditions. Employers must provide reasonable accommodations if the disabled workers or job applicants need them to perform their job duties unless doing so would present an undue hardship to the companies.
Workers in California that believe they are experiencing wage discrimination may be interested in learning about a recent decision issued by a federal appeals court. With a ruling of 2-1, the 4th United States Circuit Court of Appeals ruled that the United States Equal Employment Opportunity Commission could proceed with a lawsuit against an insurance regulatory agency. The EEOC alleges that the agency may have compensated female employees less than their male counterparts working similar jobs.
The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 protects people in California and throughout the country that are aged 40 years and older from age discrimination on the job. However, one study found that in comparison to their workforce representation, Generation X workers are hired 33 percent less and Baby Boomers 60 percent less in tech jobs while millennials are hired 50 percent more. Age discrimination is a serious problem in the tech industry despite the fact that one survey found that IT workers over 55 years of age were less stressed by workplace technology than younger workers were.
Almost 40 percent of women in California and the rest of the country state that they have been a victim of workplace gender discrimination, according to survey data collected by the Pew Research Center. Some of the behaviors they have endured include being skipped for important tasks and receiving less pay than male co-workers who have the same job. The survey also determined that employed adult women were almost two times more likely than employed adult men to say that they had been a victim of one or more of the eight different types if workplace gender discrimination.
As a general rule, employers in California and elsewhere in the United States cannot discriminate against an employee because of a pregnancy. According to the EEOC, a company called Peninsula Packaging will pay $45,000 to an employee for discriminating against her because she was pregnant. The employee reportedly needed accommodations after becoming pregnant that the company would not provide to her. This was a violation of Title VII in the opinion of the EEOC.
On Nov. 27, it was reported that a lawsuit was filed in California alleging that the San Gabriel Police Department frequently used racial slurs in order to disparage those of Asian descent. This included making disparaging remarks about colleagues.
Employees in California and throughout the country generally have a right to a workplace that is free from harassment. Yet roughly one-third of Native Americans say that they have been subject to harassment while on the job. The harassment comes in many forms, such as hearing slurs or other offensive comments or being threatened with violence. The survey was conducted for National Public Radio as well as other parties such as the Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
In California and elsewhere, the tech industry has skewed towards Millenials. While older engineers are often highly-qualified, many are concerned that they could lose their jobs. According to a study that surveyed 1011 U.S. tech workers who are currently employed, those over the age of 40 were worried about age discrimination because so many tech workers are significantly younger.
Thirty percent of all college-educated employees who work in white-collar jobs have a disability that is listed under the federal definition. According to a study conducted by the Center for Talent Innovation, only 21 percent of workers who have disabilities actually report them to the human resources department at their place of employment.