Defamation Definition

In recent news, Defendant Donald Trump was found liable for defamation and sexual abuse in New York today and ordered to pay $5 million in damages. While this case unfolded in New York, it brings to light the importance of understanding defamation laws in California.

Here in California, employees have legal protections against defamation, specifically protecting their professional reputation. This means that if your employer (or former employer) tarnishes your professional image, you have the right to pursue legal action for defamation. If successful, you may be entitled to various forms of relief, including double damages, attorneys’ fees and costs, and in some rare cases, even criminal charges may apply.

Defamation in the employment context can take many forms, such as:

1. False statements about an employee’s job performance or qualifications

2. Spreading rumors about an employee’s work life that harm their professional image

3. Unsubstantiated accusations of misconduct, theft, or dishonesty

To illustrate, consider this example: An employee is terminated from their job, and the employer spreads false rumors that the employee was fired due to theft or dishonesty. This misinformation/lie is shared with the employee’s colleagues, potential employers, or others in the industry, causing significant harm to the employee’s professional reputation and career prospects.

In such a situation, the employee would have grounds to file a defamation lawsuit against their former employer, seeking compensation for the damage done to their professional reputation.

Losing your job is bad enough. It is even worse if false statements by your former employer poison your name in the industry and make it harder to find another job. Defamation laws are in place as safeguards to protect employees from unfounded attacks on their professional reputations.

By providing a legal avenue for those wronged by their employers or ex-employers, California ensures that individuals can maintain their good standing in their chosen profession and recover compensation for any damages they have suffered as a result of defamatory statements.