To comply with the Fair Labor Standards Act, California employers must keep track of all hours that their non-exempt employees work. When employees work more than 40 hours a week, they are entitled to make at least the federal minimum wage plus overtime pay. Generally, an employee is considered to be working if he or she is under employer control even if there are no job duties being performed.
Many states including California have policies that limit which employers can perform criminal background checks on job applicants. In some of those states, the practice is banned entirely. However, policies collectively referred to as "ban the box" may actually do harm to minorities who are seeking work. According to a joint study conducted by professors in Virginia and Oregon, such policies have lowered the odds of black or Hispanic men without college degrees finding employment.
Discrimination and harassment in the workforce are never beneficial to workers. When we notice how some workplaces support unfair employment practices, we should consider ways to improve these working conditions for all employees.
Some California businesses have implemented English-only rules for their workplaces. In some cases, these types of rules may be illegal under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964.