Some human resource management analysts believe that employers in California and around the country should specifically forbid cyberbullying and other behaviors in their anti-discrimination and harassment policies. One 2015 court case found that an account manager contributed to a hostile work environment by harassing her subordinate with sexual text messages and unwanted physical contact. Even though the behavior took place outside of employment hours, and there was some initial confusion about which manager sent the initial texts, the court decided that the employer could be held liable for a Title VII violation of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
Employees in California and around the country benefit from certain legal rights that are intended to protect them from unfair labor practices in the workplace. However, many workers are unaware of these rights and may not even realize it when one has been violated. Employers must be aware of their obligations to stay in compliance with the law.